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2015成人英语三级考试复习:宾语从句的虚拟语气 (1)

2015-07-23 20:26:03  来源:网络  浏览次数:2  文字大小:【】【】【
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  宾语从句的虚拟语气

  3.1. wish

  wish that … had done → 表示对过去已发事情的虚拟

  wish that … did/were → 表示对现在正发事情的虚拟

  wish that … were to/should/could/might/would do → 表示对将来要发事情的虚拟

  1). I wish I were a bird.

  2). The ugly girl wishes she were better looking.

  3). Sometimes I wish I were living in a different time and a different place.

  4). How I wish every family had a large house with a beautiful garden!

  5). I have never been to New York, but how I wish I had.

  6). I wish I could fly to the moon in a spaceship one day.

  7). How we wish we could have a rest tomorrow!

  8). I wish I could stand on a busy street corner, hat in hand, and beg people to throw me all their wasted hours.

  (我希望自己站在熙熙攘攘的大街上,手里拿着帽子,乞求人们把废弃的时光扔给我。)

  9). I wish I had never met him.

  10). I wish you hadn't spent so much money.

  3.2. would rather (that)…

  本结构从句是一般过去时时,表示一个对现在或将来的愿望;是过去完成时时,表示对过去已发事件的一种妄想,表明说话者宁愿某人做或没有做某事,实际上却恰恰相反。具有相同用法的结构还有would sooner, would as soon, would just as soon,它们可替换would rather。

  1). I would rather you were home now.

  2). I'd sooner you painted the wall green next time.

  3). I would rather you had been there with me.(实际上不是你,是别人)

  4). I'd rather you had more health than wealth.

  5). I'd rather you hadn't done that.(实际上已做)

  6). I would rather that I had stayed at home yesterday.(实际上并没有)

  7). I would just as soon that John hadn't spoken rudely to me.

  8). I'd rather you had told me the truth.

  9). I'd rather everyting hadn't happened between us.

  试比较:

  1)、would rather后接动词原形,表示对现在或将来某种行为的一种主观愿望或选择,为陈述语气。

  1). I would rather stay at home than go to the cinema.

  2). The brave soldiers would tather die than surrender to the enemy.

  3). I'd rather not go to the cinema tonight.

  2)、would rather后接不定式完成时表示对已发生事件的后悔。

  4). I'd rather not have told her the news. She is such a gossip.

  5). The film was terrible. I'd rather not have gone to the cinema last night.

  6). ---Did you blame him for his mistakes? ---Yes, but I'd rather not have done it.

  3.3. 表示愿望、建议、请求、命令等含义的动词

  3.3.1. 这类动词的宾语从句的谓语形式为should + 动词原形,should可以省略,但引导词that通常不省略。常用的这类动词有:

  advise忠告,建议

  ask要求

  command命令

  decide决定

  demand要求

  desire希望,可望

  determine决定 insist坚持

  order命令

  prefer宁愿

  promise允诺

  propose提议

  recommend推荐,劝告

  request要求

  require要求

  suggest建议

  3.3.2. 巧记宾从用虚拟语气的动词

  方法一、一坚二命三建四要

  一坚持 → insist 二命令 → order, command

  三建议 → suggest, advise, recommend 四要求 → require, request, demand, desire

  方法二、DISCO (迪斯科)

  D→ demand I → insist S → suggest

  C → command O → order

  方法三、I drop caps.

  I →insist D→demand/desire R→require/request/recommend

  O→order P→propose C→command

  A→advise P→prefer S→suggest

  3.3.3. 例句

  1). The driver demanded that all the passengers show their tickets to him.

  2). The officer ordered that his troops move on to the front.

  3). The commander commanded that we attack at once.

  4). In the past men generally preferred that their wives work in the home.

  5). I prefer that you not eat that much.

  6). I propose that Mr. Li be the chairman.

  7). I recommended that you should reduce your expenditure.

  8). He asks that he be given an opportunity to try this method.

  9). I asked that I be allowed to see her.

  10). He insisted that a doctor be sent for at once.

  11). Our teacher insisted that we not play computer games at school.

  12). Who do you suggest be sent to work there?

  13). We suggest that he give less money to his child.

  14). Mr. Wang suggested that I take enough sleep before the final examination.

  15). He determined that she set off at once.

  16). She advised that we keep the door locked.

  17). They require that visitors not smoke in the workshop.

  18). Mr. Wang required that all the students be polite to others.

  注:以上各例句宾语从句中谓语动词前统统省略了should。

  3.3.4、suggest与insist之例外

  suggest作“建议”解时用虚拟语气,作“表明”解时用陈述语气;insist作“坚持”解时用虚拟语气,作“坚持认为,坚持说”解时用陈述语气。

  1). The smile on my mother's face suggested that she was delighted with my examination result.(非虚拟)

  2). His yawns suggested that he was sleepy. (非虚拟)

  3). All these facts suggest that he is innocent. (非虚拟)

  4). Jane's pale face suggested that she was ill, and his parents suggested that she have a medical examination.(前实后虚)

  5). He insisted that he had done right. (非虚拟)

  6). He insisted that he was not involved in the case. (非虚拟)

  7). He insisted that he had not been late that morning. (非虚拟)

  8). He insisted that what he said was true and we insisted that he go and have a look.(前实后虚)

  9). The aged man insisted that he wasn't ill and shouldn't be sent to the hospital.

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