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Quotable Quotes: Sentence Structure

2013-01-26 09:33:13  来源:网络  浏览次数:0  文字大小:【】【】【
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基础写作讲义:句子分四类
 
简单句 复合句 复杂句 复合复杂句
 
Simple Sentences:
 
1>Dancing is silent poetry.
--Simonides
 
2>Behind every great fortune there is a crime.
--Honore D. Balzac
 
3>Happiness is good health and a bad memory.
--Ingrid Bergman
 
4>Well done is better than well said.
--Benjamin Franklin
 
5>A friendship founded on business is better than a business founded on friendship.
--John D. Rockfeller
 
6>Love is friendship set on fire.
--Jeremy Taylor
 
7>Reading plants, nourishes and grows ideas.
--William V. Dunning
 
8>A goal is a dream with a deadline.
--Unknown
 
9>Imagination, not invention, is the supreme master of art as of life.
--Joseph Vonrad
 
10>Talent is long patience.
--Gustave Flubert
 
 
Compound Sentences:
 
1>You may not be interested in war, but war is interested in you.
--Leon Trotsky
 
2>Friends may come and go, but enemies accumulate.
--Thomas Jones
 
3>The artist is nothing without the gift, but the gift is nothing without work.
--Emile Zola
 
4>Democracy does not guarantee equality of conditions; it only guarantees equality of opportunity.
--Irving Kristol
 
5>I must follow the people, so am I not their leader?
--Benjamin Disraeli
 
6>Only one man in a thousand is a leader of men--the other 999 follow women.
--Groucho Marx
 
7>Destiny is not a matter of chance; it is a matter of choice.
--William J. Bryan
 
8>Some people dream of success while others wake up and work hard at it.
--Unknown
 
9>The more I want to get something done, the less I call it work.
--Richard Bach
 
10>Management is doing things right; leadership is doing the right things.
--Peter F. Drucker
 
 
Complex Sentences:
 
1>A lie gets halfway around the world before the truth has a chance to get its pants on.
--Sir Winston Churchill
 
2>Whether you think you can, or that you can't, you are usually right.
--Henry Ford
 
3>A consensus means that everyone agrees to say collectively what no one believes individually.
--Abba Eban
 
4>He who hesitates is a damned fool.
--Mae West
 
5>Opportunities multiply as they are seized.
--Sun Tsu
 
6>The average person thinks he isn't.
--Larry Lorenzoni
 
7>Research is what I'm doing when I don't know what I'm doing.
Wernher von Braun
 
8>The man who fights too long against dragons becomes a dragon himself.
--Friedrich Nietzsche
 
9>We pretend to work because they pretend to pay us.
--Unknown
 
10>He who dares to teach must never cease to learn.
--Unknown
 
 
Compound-Complex Sentences:
 
1>The fundamental cause of trouble in the world is that the stupid are cocksure while the intelligent are full of doubt.
--H.G. Wells
 
2>A man who has never gone to school may steal from a freight car; but if he has a university education, he may steal the whole railroad.
--Theodore Roosevelt
 
3>Not everything that can be counted counts, and not everything that counts can be counted.
--Albert Eistein
 
4>When curiosity is alive, we are attracted to many things; we discover many worlds.
--Eric Booth
 
5>Tell me who your friend are and I'll tell you who you are.
--Unknown
 
6>Do not go where the path may lead, go instead where there is no path and leave a trail.
--Ralph W. Emerson
 
7>You must not judge each day by the harvest you reap, but rather you must judge by the seeds you plant.
--Unknown
 
8>It is not because things are difficult that we do not dare; it is because we do not dare they are difficult.
--Seneca
 
9>Successful and unsuccessful people do not vary greatly in their abilities, but they vary in their desires to reach their potential.
 
10>One never notices what has been done; one can only see what remains to be done.
--Marie Currie
 
 
 
 
英文句子分类常识
 
English sentence structure (英文句子的结构)
Simple-Compound-Complex-Compound Complex
ielts360toefl@163.com 谢振礼 Jeenn Lee Hsieh
猫头鹰在线写作实验室 托福-雅思写作讲义
 
 
完整的句子是英文作文的基本单元。考雅思?考托福?如果造句不来电又缺乏句子结构的变化,则与写作高分占时无缘。再说,造句若不灵,又如何论证
 
猫头鹰在线写作实验室提供速成讲义,同时充电造句和论证
 
首先复习关于英文句子的基本常识。已经有清楚概念的学友可以忽视今天的课程,请直接多花点时间锻炼习作
 
按照结构,英文句子分成四类:简单句,复合句,复杂句,复合复杂句。之前,先理解独立子句和从属子句的分别
 
》Before you can understand sentence types, you need to understand the difference between an independent (独立)and a dependent (从属)clause (子句).
 
独立子句 An independent clause is a complete sentence. (句子完整;句头没有字标 Marker Word。)
 
从属子句 A dependent clause CANNOT be a complete sentence. Often a dependent clause is marked by a Marker Word.  Here are some common markers (从属句的常用字标) --after, although, as, as if, because, before, even if, even though, if, in order to, since, though, unless, until, whatever, which, whenever, whether, while, that, which, what, who, whoever, whom, whomever and whose.
 
Sentence Variety (句法变化):
All sentences must have an independent clause; but, in order to achieve Sentence Variety,  you can mix and match how many dependent or independent clauses you want to make more interesting and complicated sentences.
 
 
There are four types of sentence structure。
猫头鹰提示:四类句子--简单句,复合句,复杂句,复合复杂句。(句子是以其结构分四类,与句子的长短无关。谢振礼冲刺讲义包挂实用例句,一点就通,适用于写作提分。ielts360toefl@hotmail.com
 
简单句           Simple Sentences: One independent clause.
复合句           Compound Sentences: At least 2 independent clauses.
复杂句           Complex Sentences: One independent clause + at least one dependent clause.
复合复杂句 Compound-Complex Sentences: At least 2 independent clauses + at lease one dependent clause.
 
 
》猫头鹰提示
以上四种句子是按照结构(structure)分类。以下四种句子是按照用途(purpose)分类。用得多的是直述句。偶尔用疑问句,命令句,惊叹句
 
--直述句 A Declarative Sentence is a statement, using a period [.].
Progress is not always good.
--疑问句 An Interrogative Sentence asks a question, using a question mark [?].
Do you agree or disagree with the following statement?
--命令句 An Imperative Sentence gives a command, using a period [.].
Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.
--惊叹句 An Exclamation Sentence shows excitement, using an exclamation mark [!].
Believe it or not, all TOEFL and IELTS test-takers scored higher in the writing module!

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