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托福综合写作+独立写作:任务与评分

2013-01-26 09:31:36  来源:网络  浏览次数:0  文字大小:【】【】【
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猫头鹰在线写作实验室转播
托福ETS综合写作+独立写作
TOEFL写作任务与评分标准
 
 
》TOEFL iBT Integrated Writing Task 新托福综合写作
 
 
Within the Integrated Writing task, test takers are asked to demonstrate that they have understood material coming from different sources (reading and listening), that they can combine the information from those sources in a coherent, well organized, summarized written form.
 
The time in the integrated task is as follows:  You will have 3 minutes to read a passage of 230-300 words.  The reading passage is hidden then and you will listen to a 2-minute lecture that is related to the reading passage.  The listening may add new information or present a different point of view.  You may take notes during both the reading and listening parts. 
 
Then the reading passage is shown again on the screen and you are given 20 minutes to write a response to a question.  The response should have a minimum of 150 words.
 
 
》Top Scoring for Integrated Writing Task 综合写作高分标准:
 
A response at this level successfully selects the important information from the lecture and coherently and accurately presents this information in relation to the relevant information presented in the reading.  The response is well organized, and occasional language errors that are present do not result in inaccurate or imprecise presentation of content or connections.
     
》TOEFL iBT Independent Writing Task 新托福独立写作
 
Within the Independent Writing task, test takers are asked to write an essay on a given topic.  The purpose of this task is to measure their ability to state their opinions based on their knowledge and experience.  They should also support their ideas and opinions with examples and/or details.  Test takers are given 30 minutes to write their essays.  The essay should have a minimum of 300 words.
   
》Top Scoring for Independent Writing Task 独立写作评分标准
 
An essay at this level largely accomplishes all of the following:
 
--effectively addresses the topic and task
--is well organized and well developed, using clearly appropriate explanations, exemplifications, and/or details
--displays unity, progression and coherence
--displays consistent facility in the use of language, demonstrating syntactic variety, appropriate word choice, and idiomaticity, though it may have minor lexical or grammatical errors
 
 
【The Way the Writing Test is Scored 人脑+电脑评分】
 
ETS uses both human raters and automated scoring methods to offer a complete and accurate picture of an applicant's ability.  While automated scoring models have advantages, they do not measure the effectiveness of the language response and the appropriateness of its content.  Human raters are needed to attend a wider variety of features, such as the quality of ideas and content as well as form. 
 
Additionally, studies have shown that prompts designed for fully automated scoring have been more vulnerable to prompt-specific preparation and memorized responses.
 
The TOEFL test uses automated scoring to complement human scoring for the two tasks in the Writing Section.  Combining human judgment for content and meaning, and automated scoring for linguistic features, ensures consistent, quality scores.
 
 

 
 

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