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当前位置:搜考网 >> 外语 >> 托福 >> 5478 谢振礼托福范文:患难朋友(TOEFL 20121222)

5478 谢振礼托福范文:患难朋友(TOEFL 20121222)

2012-12-26 12:13:18  来源:网络  浏览次数:0  文字大小:【】【】【
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5478 TOEFL Essay:
Friends in Need
 谢振礼托福范文:患难朋友
 
 
托福写作真题(20121222 China = 20110708 NA)--托福实验范文
 
>Do you agree or disagree with the following statement?  It is better to choose a friend with whom you can have fun than to choose a friend that will help you when you are in need.  Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

Example Essay (Jeenn Lee Hsieh)
 
Each friendship can serve a purpose in your life--some just for fun and some offering much more.  The sole test to tell a real friend from a fake one is adversity.  In times of need, real friends will walk in and care about you while fake friends will walk out and talk about you behind your back.
 
Having friends with a sense of humor is fun.  In social life, it is important to have fun with friends and laughter is such a huge part of a relationship.  Often people who have a keen sense of humor also have a better grasp of friendship, unless it is false friendship.  In many cases, choosing a friend with whom you can have fun may help you to overlook the unbecoming, understand the unconventional, tolerate the unpleasant, overcome the unexpected, and outlast the unbearable.  Sometimes it seems that if you do not have friends with a sense of humor, life is not funny anymore.  In short, laughing heartily with friends may just turn out to be a good medicine of life that is sometimes sick with all its stress and complexity. 
 
Nevertheless, you want to have true friends who will show their love to you in times of trouble.  In real life, friends are needed both for joy and sorrow.  Therefore, to have true friends is to have your needs answered.  It is that kind of expectation which determines the quality of friendship.  How lucky you are to be able to choose a friend who will help you when you are in need?  Such a friend will never try to hurt you, not even in a joke under the disguise of a bitter sense of humor.  In contrast, a fake friend laughs every time you fall, whereas a real friend runs over to help you on your feet.
 
On the whole, real friends, like precious and rare diamonds, are hard to find; and fake friends for having fun are everywhere like autumn leaves.  Only in times of need can you realize who are your true friends and who are your fake friends.  After all, having fun is not the ultimate purpose of friendship.  (Essay created by Jeenn Lee Hsieh, ielts360toefl@hotmail.com )
 
 
 
TOEFL (List 185) Topics about Friends:

>Topic 062

What do you want most in a friend--someone who is intelligent, or someone who has a sense of humor, or someone who is reliable? Which one of these characteristics is most important to you? Use reasons and specific examples to explain your choice.

>Topic 111

Some people prefer to spend time with one or two close friends.  Others choose to spend time with a large number of friends.  Compare the advantages of each choice.  Which of these two ways of spending time do you prefer? Use specific reasons to support your answer.

>Topic 117

Some people choose friends who are different from themselves.  Others choose friends who are similar to themselves.  Compare the advantages of having friends who are different from you with the advantages of having friends who are similar to you.  Which kind of friend do you prefer for yourself? Why? Give specific reasons and examples to support your answer.
 
>Topic 173

It is sometimes said that borrowing money from a friend can harm or damage the friendship.  Do you agree? Why or why not? Use reasons and specific examples to explain your answer.
 
 
   
Memo:

考雅思难?考托福难?就以写作单项而言,许多两样测验都考的过来人有一个说法:托福评分较宽,雅思评分较严。
 
比方说,雅思写作成绩8.0或8.5或9.0,若换算成托福分数就都等于满分30. 雅思7.5=托福29. 雅思7.0=托福27-28. 雅思6.5=托福24-26. 雅思6.0=托福21-23。雅思5.5=托福18-20. 以此类推。
 
从官方的评分态度来分析,托福评分员稍微倾向找考生作文表现的优点,多看好少看坏,全景一目了然,处处加分;雅思则似乎倾向找英文表达的缺点,分成四处挑毛病,处处扣分--【TR】【CC】【LR】【GRA】。
 
再从考生个人的英文作文的能力来看,如果作文逻辑远强于英文文法,则赌托福或许比较吃香,而考雅思或许比较吃亏。假设文法的运用本事远较高于逻辑的体现,则赌雅思会更赚眼球。所以,只要英文也牛作文也牛,考托福或雅思并无差异(芝麻小缺点,若无伤大雅,二者都不至于丢分)。万一作文也菜鸟,英文也菜鸟,考雅思考托福也都不会有何大区别,但是要记得托福写作的评分尺度更具高分弹性。
 
此外还得看考生习惯键盘打字还是动笔写字。打字快,写字慢,因人而异,个人的选择当然也不同。有人喜欢托福机考30分钟(300字+);更有人偏爱雅思笔试40分钟(250字+)。
 
写作单项不是考试的全部,还要同样重视其它三项:阅读,听力,口语。一般来说,不论考托福考雅思,阅读是考生的拿手好戏,听力次之。弱项口语与最弱项写作,两项皆令不少考生心存畏惧,何尝不像五十步笑百步
 
值得一提,兄弟写作配合姐妹口语,有助于准留学生选择考雅思或考托福或两种都想考,碰运气。关于口语单项,考生应有自知之明,如果个性害羞,干脆考托福,因为对机器讲话,自言自语,感觉上如入无人之境,不亦乐乎。如果候选人的个性外向,喜欢聊天,则宁可对真人面对面谈话,感觉上比较自然,如鱼得水,因此选雅思当然是明智之举。你说呢
 
阅读雅思+托福范文有利于预备口语的吹牛素材和写作的论证素材。谢振礼Jeenn Lee Hsieh初选200+篇原创,作为培训补充资料。IELTS Essays 与 TOEFL Essays 全部影射18句话装配的【隐形模板】--起3承6转6合3。准留学生想过目其中几遍都无所谓,完全不看也可以,可是千万不要连任何人的范文都不瞄一眼。多读优秀作品的好处是模仿--清楚简洁正确的【造句】,还有收集【论证】的理由例子细节。虽然范文只是针对写作答题,其实内容的范围却是和口语的话题多处息息相关,这种现象可谓不解自明。口语考试,谁不想英语出口成章?如果多多浏览写作范文的内容,有助于发挥口语的话题。
 
培训写作,建议挑中外作者10位以上,至少浏览每位各10篇,全数超过100篇,多多预算。考前若不读舒服的范文则显然吃亏在眼前。这好像是写范文的人烧水让你洗热水澡,好心让你节省功夫。假设你不想占便宜,那是你自负的本事。当然想洗热水澡还是要宽衣解带亲身泡水。所以考生最少在考前亲自独立写作10篇,之后并请高手负责指错,加以改写一番以求实效,也让低手心服口服,信心十足,再接再厉
 
研读别人的范文只求进补,所以应该有效地取其优点而忽视其缺点。每当看到范文的造句不灵巧或论证又不卫生,则大可弃之如泥沙。不是所有的范文都有营养价值。凡不伦不类颠三倒四毫无可取的文字英语都会让你无意之间中毒没药医,所以还是谨慎为妙,以免走火入魔
 
提分冲刺必须讲究进度,不要茫茫然地把英文作文搞得剪不断理还乱。猫头鹰写作实验室特别依据学员的写作体质来设计复习计划,专攻写作弱项--多读多写多改。(列表上,欢迎任选一篇尚未发布过的免费范文,指明编号,有问必答,有求必应。)
 
 在线写作实验室依据写作评分标准来修改习作,并解析范文的【主题】【结构】【内容】,英文的【修辞】【句法】【词汇】,加速辅导加分常识。其实,考生比较偏低的写作成绩恰好也是比较有提分的空间,如此可望写作不扯其它三项的后腿
 
高分写作的滑头三招--狠快准。开头狠,造句快,论证准。临时抱佛脚,应付当务之急,该取巧就取巧,该顽皮就顽皮,该大胆就大胆,结果获得比自己应得的分数更高,使自己惊喜,也使别人妒忌。以愚公移山之志搞英文算是长久之计,非但考前来不及,而却也没有必要。
 
不按隐形牌理出牌,写作分数显然提不起来,到后来令自己生自己的气,又要面对来自四面八方,带着讽刺的安慰,还要承受别人在你背后冷嘲热笑。所以如果自知功力不足,则利用看不见的模板写作,肯定不会有让别人幸灾乐祸的机会
 
企图利用丢不起的时间来钻牛角尖很不划算。写作之事,如意高分虽不易,过关留学却不难 (谁都知道获取Uniersity's Offer 的分数要求并不苛刻)。一般过关分数是指雅思6.5,托福24. (同样考生若稍微耍点花招,可以借力使力,可望成绩超越雅思7.0,托福27).
 
写作考试并没有唯一的标准答案,却是有答案标准,也是评分标准。说得玄一点,英文作文的游戏规则就是玩【同一】+【变化】。作文【同一】于英文的【变化】中;英文【变化】于作文的【同一】中。猫头鹰引用一个座右铭:Unity in Variety; Variety in Unity.
 
雅思+托福写作无需达到十全十美,因为考官可以看得过若干无伤大雅的小错误。虽说写作不怕错只怕不写作,但是大致还是要靠谱以下四项评分标准:(An essay at this level largely accomplishes all of the following.)
 
全面答题 Task Response>【TR】
 
雅思--fully addresses all parts of the task
雅思--presents a fully developed position in answer to the question with relevant, fully extended and supported ideas
 
托福--effectively addresses the topic and task
 
逻辑连贯 Coherence and cohesion>【CC】
 
雅思--uses cohesion in such a way that it attracts no attention
雅思--skillfully manages paragraphing
 
托福--is well organized and well developed, using clearly appropriate explanations, exemplifications, and/or details
托福--displays unity, progression, and coherence
 
词汇恰当 Lexical Resource>【LR】
 
雅思--uses a wide range of vocabulary with natural and sophisticated control of lexical features; rare minor errors occur only as slips
 
托福--uses appropriate word choice and idiomaticity, though it may have minor lexical errors
 
修辞句法 Grammatical Range and Accuracy>【GRA】
 
雅思--uses a wide range of structures with full flexibility and accuracy; rare minor errors occur only as slips
 
托福--displays consistent facility in the use of language, demonstrating syntactic variety, though it may have grammatical errors
 
 
小笔记:从未见过一道容易的论说文题目,猫头鹰没有本事把困难变成容易,却一心一意把复杂的程序变成简单的公式:【隐形模板】百试不爽+千篇一律+万无一失。
 
结构公式:起Introduction=承Body A+转Body B=合Conclusion
引言三句:申论主题。集中焦点。话分两头。
结论三句:二合为一。还原焦点。重申主题
 
 
 
 
》谢振礼:论说文【隐形模板】--看不见的心图模板。
 
议论文(Argument)+ 解说文(Report)。论说文首先要有主题。接着,缩小主题的范围成为焦点。议论的焦点是反向的冲突;解说的焦点是同向的解决。焦点的用处是引导出中体A+B的两条指标A+B,也就是话分两头:条条有理,顺理成章,自圆其说。
 

议论文 Argument: Side A vs. Side B>Conflict (Focus of Thesis)
 
--Introduction  (起=承+转。起中有合。)
 
申论主题 (Topic+Answer=Thesis)
集中焦点 (Thesis narrowed down to Focus)
话分两头 (Focus divided into Body A+Body B)
 
--Body A (针对焦点,提出论证,支持主题)。
 
--Body B (针对焦点,提出论证,支持主题)。
 
--Conclusion (承+转=合。合中有起。)
 
二合为一 (Body A+Body B=Focus)
还原焦点 (Focus>Thesis)
重申主题 (Re-statement of Thesis)

解说文 Report: Causes vs. Effects>Solutions (Focus of Thesis)
 
--Introduction (起=承+转。起中有合。)
 
申论主题 (Topic+Answer=Thesis)
集中焦点 (Thesis>Focus)
话分两头 (Focus>Body A and Body B)  
 
--Body A 因(针对焦点,提出论证,支持主题)。
 
--Body B 果(针对焦点,提出论证,支持主题)。
 
--Conclusion (承+转=合。合中有起。)
 
二合为一 (Body A+Body B=Focus)
还原焦点 (Focus>Thesis)
重申主题 (Re-statement of Thesis)

 
 
小补充--雅思+托福范文:英文作文
 
《作文逻辑》Composition--Thinking Logically about Thesis+Structure+Content.
 
主题 (Thesis)      有焦点 (答题立场)
结构 (Structure)  有组织 (起承转合)
内容 (Content)    有支持 (逻辑论证)
   
《英文文法》English--Writing Grammatically at the rhetorical, syntactic and lexical levels.
 
修辞 (Rhetoric)  语言效率  (language effectiveness)
句法 (Syntax)     句型变化 (sentence variety)
词汇 (Lexicon)   用字恰当 (word choice)
     
《起承转合》
 
--你说你想说什么。(三句话:申论主题。集中焦点。话分两头。)
Introduction--Say what you are going to say.
 
--你先说一头。(一头指标句+若干论证句。针对焦点,支持主题。)
Body A--Say it, with evidential evidence.
 
--你再说一头。(一头指标句+若干论证句。针对焦点。支持主题。
Body B--Say it, with evidential evidence.
 
--你说你说过什么。(三句话:二合为一。还原焦点。重申主题。)
Conclusion--Say what you have said.
   
 
《红色论证》
 
R+E+D=Reasons+Examples+Details
 
红色论证=理由(R) + 例子(E) + 细节(D)
 
 
《实验范文》雅思+托福 写作 Task 2
 
询问 ielts360toefl@hotmail.com 短期写作复习计划。 (谢振礼Jeenn Lee Hsieh 免费答疑,分享心得。)
 
 
《分数对照》写作单项 (ETS 2010年官方信息)。准留学生:考雅思?考托福?你写作单项的目标是几分?考期?(你要多读多听多讲英语,因为阅读+听力+口语的锻炼绝对有利于写作。你何不寄一篇作文让猫头鹰点评吹牛!复习计划,与众不同。)
 
雅思 9.0 托福 30 满分。雅思 8.5 托福 30 满分。雅思 8.0 托福 30 满分。
 
雅思 7.5 托福 29。雅思 7.0 托福 27-28。雅思 6.5 托福 24-26。雅思 6.0 托福 21-23。
 
雅思 5.5 托福 18-20。雅思 5.0 托福 14-17。雅思 4.5 托福 12-13。雅思<4.0 托福 00-11。
 

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